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Mashhad Carpet

One of the most valuable Iranian handicrafts of Khorasan Razavi province is the carpet weaving, the exact date of the start of Mashhad carpet has not been estimated, but the researchers took nearly 150 years. The boom of Mashhad carpets is coincided with the time when merchants in the Tabriz city to promote and expand the export of carpets began to open workshops focused on carpet weaving in some towns and villages in different parts of Iran. One of the oldest carpet in Mashhad is a carpet which by Tahmasb King was presented to Soleyman Yekom in 1556.
However, the weavers of Mashhad have benefit from the best raw material, but most of the handmade carpets at that time were woven in different quality and grading, which the various examples to be found in museums.

Mashhad carpets achieved a degree of popularity in a period of time, which exported to many foreign countries immediately, but soon was faced with a huge loss.
The dramatic decline in Mashhad carpet exports was due to the fact that, warp and waft used in these carpets for brighter the colors were so polished, that the carpet's life were reduced, the same factors created bad image of Mashhad carpets in everyone's mind.
One of the pioneers in the design of Mashhad carpets was Amouoghli brothers who played a significant role in this industry, and have had very beautiful and artistic works.
One of the unique characteristics of Amouoghli carpet is the largest number of knots in high wate counter, the use of traditional and vegetable dyes, who at the time was comparable to no carpets, and unique harmony between designs and colors, as well as low weight and excessive softness of the carpets, which was very admirable. One of the famous design in these carpets is a design similar to Ardabil carpet or Sheikh Safi carpet (located in London's Victoria and Albert Museum) in dimensions of 407 * 628, which has produced in his workshop.

Color and pattern used in carpets of Mashhad include:
The use of large flowers on the Palmette flower design with thin and narrow stems, the use of medallion design – Corne with writings in the margins and fringes of carpets, Iranian traditional designs such as Golfarang, Saadi designs, which is a special Birjand, have been used in Mashhad rugs. Some of the colors used in Mashhad carpets are:
Coccus is obtained from the animals' body for dyeing, jujube that is reddish brown, cream, different kind of green, blue and dark blue colors are widely used in carpets of Mashhad.
Some of the features of Mashhad Rug include:

1. Carpet's Piles is medium sized and very soft wool was used.
2. Mashhad carpets were woven in two kinds of Turkish and Persian, currently only the Turkish weaving is used.
3. Vertical loom in the past and now has been used for this type of carpets.
4. Wate counter lower than 40 which had coarse texture, but in carpets such as Amouoghli carpets and others, the carpets with fine texture and Wate counter up to 150, are woven.
5. In the past, Selvadge (1) was performed during weaving, but now, after the end of the work, this operation is performed.
(1) A selvage (US English) or selvedge (British English) is a self-finished edge of fabric. The selvages keep the fabric from unraveling or fraying. The selvages are a result of how the fabric is created. In woven fabric, selvages are the edges that run parallel to the warp (the longitudinal threads that run the entire length of the fabric), and are created
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