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Isfahan Carpet

The art of carpet weaving was one of the main interests of the Safavid kings. All workshops producing carpets in Isfahan were covered by Shah Abbas, the immense interest in that era led Isfahan has become one of the most prestigious centers in handmade carpet weaving, for this reason, the most exquisite and precious carpets belong to this time.


Most of the Safavid carpets are kept in many interior and exterior museums, which Isfahan has a huge share of the Museum Antique carpets. Most of antique carpets are woven with the finest raw materials, and a very high percentage of silk was used. Also, many historical sites have already been laid from silk carpets, which are now under the care of collectors and museums.
Dyeing in the past took place by using quite traditional and herbal method, and the durability and color stability has been high, plans and maps of Isfahan carpets were done by the best professors in this field.
After the fall of the Safavids, carpet weaving in all regions of Iran was faced with a sharp drop, and almost went into extinction, only in some rural areas and small towns in Iran, some of the villagers were engaged in this work, with the demise of the regime, to long time no valuable carpet was woven as before, even at the end of the Qajar era, this situation did not improve.
World War II also brought much damage to Isfahan carpet industry, carpet exports to foreign markets fell, and in the meantime also, many jobber sold raw materials of carpet with skyrocketing prices. All these factors put serious prejudice to Isfahan rug.
In the past, this carpet was very famous in the world, and now less pay attention to it, Cecil Edwards, author of The Persian Carpet, has less noted to Isfahan carpet compared to other parts of Iran including Tabriz, Qom, Kerman and ....


Some of the features of Isfahan carpets include:
In a high quality carpet, traditional natural colors with high diversity were used, which is very beautiful. The pile in this type of carpets are short.
Fishnet carpets with high precision up to Wate counter90
The use of Antiquities roles
The use of beautiful flowers and leaves and according to the khataei art
Qandil is used instead of sartoranj in most Isfahan carpets.
The use of Vertical (1) loom for weaving
Polishing Operations during weaving
Other features of the carpet is that was less influenced by the changes and West culture and has retained its originality in the pattern.
Some of Isfahan carpet designs include:
Medallion– Corner design is the main roles of Isfahan carpet designs, arabesque designs that are separate from the main medallion, Palmette flower design is one of the most common designs, Prayer-nich design, Hunting design, Paisely design are some designs used in this type of carpet. Most valuable and precious ancient Iranian carpets, which have been observed in the museums of Europe and America, are carpets woven in Isfahan.
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(1) A loom is a device used to weave cloth and tapestry. The basic purpose of any loom is to hold the warp threads under tension to facilitate the interweaving of the weft threads. The precise shape of the loom and its mechanics may vary, but the basic function is the same.
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