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Kerman Carpet

Kerman is one of the historical cities in Iran, handicrafts, particularly carpet in this city has a high value. Carpet weaving in Kerman, has a long history, and dates back to the Safavid era, one of the historical carpets of Kerman, which is held in the museum of Mashhad city shows that, Kerman carpet belongs to 500 years ago. Kerman is manufacturer of silk fabrics, woolen and fluffy shawls, and this has caused, Kerman residents turn to this craft, the peak of carpet weaving art has belonged to the Safavid dynasty. In the Qajar era, because of the war and attacks on parts of the province, Kerman carpet weaving faced with a sharp decline, it should be noted that, the profession of the 19th century and with the help of Tabriz merchants become famous again, and by opening numerous workshops, due to the volume of orders, once again Kerman carpet flourished.


At the end of the Qajar period, many carpet companies have established independently, and many designers were employed in Kerman, this situation continued until World War I, and later was halted because of the economic crisis on the foreign market of carpet, this would have a major impact on Kerman carpet, and there was no mass production, although the economic crisis in Europe and America was resolved, but unfortunately it did not last longer willing to cooperate. Despite everything that happened to Kerman carpets, rugs, hand-made carpets of Kerman is known one of the most famous hand made carpets in the world are and preserved and maintained in museums around the world as the most beautiful hand-woven.


Some of the features of Kerman carpet
1. Unlike many handmade carpets from different regions, 3 Wefts are used in Kerman carpet weaving, two thick Wefts and a thin Weft
2. In the past, knots were woven as Persian, most of Kerman elegant carpets are wean with Persian weave, but in rural areas, there are two types of knots, the Persian and Turkish, respectively. (Sorry to say, there is no clean and tidy knots, and weavers use fake knots, such as pairs knot, which reduces the strength and durability of the carpet, or buckling knot, in the Persian weaving, which make the carpet as very irregular and margins and selvedge have bad form, which generally despite being new carpet, very soon disappear, that are not suitable for Kerman carpet.)
3. Kerman carpets were produced using the finest raw materials, in the past, the piles of carpets were produced from local wool, which had silky texture, and were very soft and resistant. This material did not provided easily and to this end, to accelerate the work, and a huge demand, the wools of other areas were used, which were dry.
4. Non – fixed looms were used in Kerman, but today in Kerman, just the vertical looms are used. Rjshomar in this type of carpet were woven between 40 and 80.
5. Kerman carpet dyeing was traditionally done, and all the colors are obtained from vegetable dyes. These colors have the brilliance and durability, exceptional blend of colors and smooth, is another striking feature of Kerman carpets. In conventional carpets of Kerman, normally 15 colors were used, and in exquisite and valuable carpets, the number of colors reached 30, which are very worthy of praise. Some of these colors include: crimson, red, brown, magenta, copper, cream, beige, dark blue, green which are most distinctive colors used in Kerman carpets, which were obtained from vegetable dyes.


Kerman rug designs:
The main design of Kerman carpet was Paisely design, which was inspired by the famous shawl in this city, saying that the era was known as Paisely era, but later according to the tastes of foreign markets, the following designs: Palmette flower design, medallion design – Corner, olericulture, Multiple – panel design, Hunting design, image were revived. Kerman carpets for a period of time were inspired by French Gobelins designs, which were called Gobelins era. Also, Golfarang designs with different flowers and leaves were one of the most famous designs used in Kerman, many researchers believe that, due to the dry and desert climate of Kerman, many designers are enjoying a variety of flowers and plants, and is trying to compensate the mentioned shortcomings. Unfortunately we must admit that, recently, China enjoying the designs of Kerman antique carpets, and using high quality raw materials, has sent a very clean and elegant carpets to the west markets and is considered as a serious risk for the Kerman rugs.

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